Ford's Story of Success and Pride

The headquarter of Ford is in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. This is the place where the ex-chief engineer of the Edison Illuminating Company, named Henry Ford founded the, "Ford Motor Company", on June 16, 1903 with a capital amount of $ 28,000 along with twelve other investors. The famous scientist Thomas Alva Edison was a great friend of Henry Ford and he encouraged him to go ahead with his idea and dream of establishing an automobile company which will manufacture simple and affordable car for the Americans.

At the beginning only two to three workers worked on each car. On July 23, 1903 the company sold its first produced car, Ford Model A and Dr. Ernst Pfennig a dentist from Chicago, became the first owner. Other car manufacturers made cars for wealthy people but Ford developed a design and manufacturing method that reduced the price of the Model T, which made its debut in 1908 at a price of $ 825. In its first year a record sale of over 10,000 cars was reached. Four years later the price dropped to $ 575. By 1914 Ford claimed a share of 48% of the automobile market. The car was sold like hot cakes. With the rise in demand, Ford was able to reduce the assembly time of the Model T from 12.5 hours to less than 6 hours. Ford created history and became the change maker of the automobile market.

World War 1 came to be a turning point as it changed the course of automotive history. Henry Ford was able to draw a large profit at that time. Ford Model T cars were used by the several armies for war purpose. It not only served as ambulances but also as delivery trucks, staff cars and artillery movers. As soon as America joined the war, Ford started producing ambulances, trucks, vans, tanks and submarine chasers. Ford's Trafford Park factory in Manchester supplied the British army with 30,000 Model Ts as ambulances and transporters of troops, water and munitions carriers.

When World War II started there was a boost in Ford's economy as they were serving both the sides. They produced roughly around 2,82,352 war Jeeps in the years 1941-1945. Ford's bomber plant at Willow Run, located in the Detroit suburbs manufactured automobiles for war and not for public transportation. Ford V3000 ambulances were used in World War II by the Germans. Ford of Germany built a total of 80,000 trucks for the German army during the war.

Ford did not limit itself in manufacturing only cars. They also manufactured trucks, vans and tractors. In 1925 they also manufactured airplanes. They also produced some important cars in the history of automobiles apart from the Ford Model T. Ford 150 Pickup remained a best seller for almost six decades. Ford Mustang is the first American "muscle car". Ford F-150 SVT Raptor, Lincoln Continental, Ford Thunderbird, Ford Transit, Ford Capri, Ford Escort is some of the most popular Ford cars.

Engines play a vital role in car's success. Ford produced 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 cylinder engines till date. Some of the important engines manufactured by Ford, are Ford Model T engine, Flathead V-8 engine, Cobra Jet engine, Boss engine, Ecoboost engine, etc. The 1.0 Ecoboost is a UK-designed 3-cylinder engine which has won awards from industry judges and experts. The Ecoboost engine is developed to be more fuel saving, more Eco friendly and less costly. Ford is not only famous for producing beautiful cars, but also for producing one of the best engines and creating history in the competitive automobile market.

The Ford family is a proud owner of the company for more that 100 years. It is one of the few notable brands in the world whose ownership stayed in the family of the founder for more than a century. They take pride in producing the first ever car for the common man by breaking the idea that a car is a rich man's property. Ford always created examples in the automobile industry. "$ 5 day", is an important day in the history of mankind because around 10,000 people gave line with a desire to get employed at Ford when there was a salary hike of $ 5 per day. It created an impact within the society as well as in the automobile industry as the production rate and quality of Ford cars got raised after the hike.

Today Ford factories are located in the USA, Britain, Germany, India, Brazil, Portugal, Argentina, Russia, Spain and many more. Henry Ford is considered to not only be a car manufacturer, but a change maker who changed the fate of the automobile industry.

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What Is Meant By Automobile Insurance Standard Coverage?

Automobile insurance standard coverage is the basic amount of insurance coverage that is required by law in order for an individual to legally operate a motorized vehicle. You can simply it even further with the blanket statement as being the mandatory amount of auto insurance coverage a driver must possess.

The most important part of anyone's car insurance policy is the liability coverage. This coverage protects the consumer against the cost of damages and injury that is a direct result of that same consumer if they are the cause of a vehicular accident. For instance if you're driving down the road and accidentally run into another person's car this insurance coverage will pay for the damages that result due to the accident.

The liability coverage is further broken down into two subsections. The first is bodily injury liability. This covers and personal injury inflicted by yourself upon others during a car accident. The second subsection is property damage liability. As you may have guessed this is your insurance protection against any damage you cause to another individuals property, usually their car.

Although coverage amounts can vary it is generally suggested that a good baseline of automobile insurance standard coverage should be 100/300/100. This can be read as $ 100,000 worth of bodily injury caused to another person, $ 300,000 towards bodily injuries for everyone involved and $ 100,000 for property damage. With rising medical costs and outrageous car prices this would be the absolute minimum insurance protection I would personally carry in my automobile insurance standard coverage. However, each state is different and you will need to check to see what their car insurance laws constitute as a minimum coverage amount.

If you are in a financial crunch and need a way to save money on your insurance policy try to avoid retaining only the minimum amount of coverage required by your state. Instead try raising your deductible amount (the amount you pay first in the event of an accident before your insurance company kicks in with its payment). You will find that by raising the amount $ 500 or $ 750 will significantly lower the monthly costs of your automobile insurance standard coverage.

Two other policies that exist include the medical payments insurance which provides for the immediate treatment of injuries sustained during an auto accident. Anyone riding in your vehicle to include yourself is covered, regardless of who is at fault for the accident. The second policy is commonly known as PIP or personal injury protection, is similar to medical payments coverage, but usually provides broader coverage. Many PIP policies provide compensation for lost wages, funeral expenses, and pain and suffering. Again you will need to check with your state insurance laws for further clarification if you are required to have this additional coverage.

Finally as a safety measure against law breaking individuals who illegally drive without insurance there is uninsured motorist insurance when the other driver has no liability coverage and underinsured motorist coverage which pays for the cost of your injuries that exceed the other driver's coverage maximum. As before with the PIP coverage you will need to make sure whether or not your particular state requires these forms of coverage as part of their automobile insurance standard coverage.

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4 Most Common Extraordinary Automobile Accidents Circumstances

In some situations, auto accident litigation may be a relatively simple type of case. But it can become much more complicated in cases involving substantial injuries with questionable insurance coverage limits on the other vehicle. The following article will discuss 4 main extraordinary circumstances that can often add complex issues to an already emotional and physically painful time following an accident. However, understanding these 4 situations can help make the aftermath of an auto accident and its subsequent injuries a much smoother experience.

Leased Cars

Not only is the operator of the at-fault vehicle responsible to anyone injured in an auto accident, but the owner of the vehicle is also responsible. The owner is responsible for the negligence of the operator, when that operation occurs with the permission of the owner. This is extremely important when the vehicle at fault is leased.

These days, there are a great number of cars and trucks on the road being driven on a lease basis. Because of this, it may be critical to go beyond the name on the registration to find out the exact owner of the vehicle. It is a fact that when a vehicle is leased from a big car company, the registration will simply bear the name of the user of the vehicle, the lessee. However, the actual owner of the vehicle, the lessor, is usually a major corporation with unlimited insurance coverage.

It is unfortunate for the severely injured victim when, as happens many times, the at-fault vehicle’s actual ownership is never discovered and the additional insurance is never disclosed.

Business Vehicles

Though it is common for companies to put their names in bold letters on their business vehicles, it is not always the case. When accidents occur, many times there is no indication that the vehicle was being used for business purposes. In fact, it may appear to the casual observer that the vehicle was not being used for business at the time. The only way to find out if the vehicle was being used for business is doing an in-depth investigation.

If a vehicle is being operated by an employee during the course of his or her employment, then the employer may be “vicariously responsible” for the negligence of their employee in operating that vehicle. It is very possible that the employer has additional liability coverage far exceeding that of the driver. An “excess” insurance policy may also exist.

Defects

One of the causes of an auto accident may be a highway defect, such as improper design, maintenance, construction, signage, or lighting. Liability may also be based on improper striping on the road’s passing lanes, a hill that impairs driver visibility, a sharp obstruction or problem with the roadway that obstructs drivers’ vision. Trees and utility poles can also cause problems when planted or erected too close to the roadway.

The Seatbelt Defense

While seatbelts and airbags provide an important function and do prevent serious injuries or death to people involved in accidents, they are not guarantees that you will not be killed or injured in a serious accident.

Seatbelts and airbags can fail or cause injury in and of themselves. But yet, the seatbelt defense, often used by attorneys defending at-fault drivers, seeks to establish that some, or all, of the plaintiff’s injuries were caused by the failure to wear a seatbelt.

All in all, it is essential that a routine investigation be done, in any case involving a vehicular accident. Police records must be obtained, witnesses interviewed and photographs taken immediately of the accident scene and damage to the vehicles. Prompt contact must be made with the insurance company of the negligent driver to learn of the available coverage limits and attempt to find out additional information from the adjuster regarding possible other areas for coverage. Many times, the at-fault driver’s insurance company adjuster will attempt to record a statement from the victim, without advice of counsel. This should never be permitted.

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Buying and Selling Automobile Dealerships – Limitations When Negotiating the Contract

Buying and Selling Automobile Dealerships – Duties Negotiating the Contract

Duties of and to Shareholders

The sale of control of a corporation at a premium is not in and of itself a breach of duty. A "premium" is that amount an investor is willing to pay to gain control of a corporation.

But, a sale of control under the following circumstances may be actionable:

1. The sale of control is in effect a disposition of control over a business asset which the corporation may not use to the corporation's advantage. Example: if a majority shareholder sells his shares to a party that is paying a premium for control over certain transactions , but who otherwise would not pay a premium for the corporation itself.

2. The majority shareholder failed to disclose receipt of a premium when a purchaser attempted to acquire the minority's share;

3. The majority shareholder failed to disclose favorable employment contracts, profit sharing agreements and the like.
4. If the offer is to purchase all shares at the same price, but the majority first buys-out the minority at a lower price, without disclosing the higher offer the minority shareholder.

Although the law is still developing it appears the minority may be eliminated at a lower price, if there is a legitimate business purpose.

State case and statutory law is diverse on the question of minority shareholder rights. Given two identical fact situations, a sale by majority shareholder could, for example, give rise to a cause of action in California, while conforming to Delaware law. In sales involving several shareholders, the attorneys for each shareholder should research the question of "premiums", with respect to both the state of incorporation and the state wherein the company principal place of business is located.

Duties to Other Purchasers

Probably the biggest case in this area was a Houston jury's award of $ 7.53 billion in actual damages and $ 3 billion in punitive damages to Penzoil Co. In 1984, Penzoil was negotiating a takeover deal with Getty Oil Co., which Texaco eventually purchased for $ 10.2 billion. Penzoil then sued Texaco for $ 14 billion, charging that Texaco coaxed Getty into jilting Penzoil takeover deal.

Intentional interference with contractual relations, intentional interference with prospective business advantages and related torts are "hot ticket items" and general and punitive damages are almost unlimited. This exposure provides another reason both buyer and seller should involve their attorneys to a greater extent than just having them review the Buy-Sell Agreement.

Opinions as to Performance

Sellers inevitably opine how well a dealership will do with additional capital or a new owner and the courts have generally supported the adage "No one can predict the future" and refused to recognize a cause of action based upon one party's predictions, to the other regarding future events, performance, opinions, or intentions.

Statements such as "there are no bad franchises – only bad operators"; the store was "a gold mine"; or that the buyer would make more money than before have been held "purely opinion, puffing, or conjecture as to future events" and as a matter of law not actionable.

Automobile dealerships are anomalies in the field of buying and selling businesses because by the very nature of the business both parties must be amongst the most knowledgeable people in the field, as the seller has already been qualified by both the factory and a financial institution as having that special knowledge and extra skill necessary to be approved as a dealer; and the buyer by virtue of the fact that the buyer intends to purchase the dealership has represented that he possessions the knowledge and skill necessary to obtain factory and finance approval, or that someone on his team possesses the necessary qualifications.

In Denison State Bank v. Madeira the defendant purchased an automobile dealership and in addition to refusing to pay his loan, he cross-complained against the bank alleging the bank misrepresented and omitted material facts about the dealership when he purchased it. In reversing a jury verdict against the bank the appellate court stated the defendant was a knowledgeable car man and although he testified he trusted and relied upon the bank to furnish him complete, honest information, he could not abandon all caution and responsibility for his own protection and unilaterally impose a fiduciary relationship on the bank without a conscious assumption of such duties by the bank. See too: Kruse v. Bank of America where the court stated the plaintiffs could not have reasonably expected what they said they expected from the bank's promises and assurances.

But Beware : In Martens Chevrolet, Inc. the owner of the dealership was negotiating with the plaintiffs to sell his dealership and in response to plaintiff's inquires as to the profitability of the dealership the owner indicated that it was "mildly profitable" and offered produced a handwritten trend sheet prepared by his accountants supporting the statement and stating that the audited statements of the dealership's operations were not complete or available.

After the purchase, the buyer learned that the dealership was operated at a loss as reflected in audited statements prepared prior to the negotiations and sale sued alleging breach of contract, deceit and negligent misrepresentation against the former owner. The Court assumed a duty existed between the former owner and the buyer and reaffirmed the tort of negligent misrepresentation against the dealer.

Special Rules for Accountants

There are three different tests employed by other courts to determine what, if any, duty an accountant has to a third party, in preparing a financial statement for his own client. These tests were:

1) The Traditional (Ultramares) Approach holds that before a plaintiff could sue an accountant he had to have privity, or a relationship equivalent to privity. The Plaintiff must establish:
(a) the accountants must have been aware that the financial reports were to be used for a particular purpose or purposes;
(b) in the furtherance of which a know party or parties was intended to rely; and
(c) there must have been some conduct on the part of the accountants linking to that party or parties, which evidences the accountants 'understanding of that party or parties' reliance. See: Ultramares v. Touche and Credit Alliance Corp v. Arthur Anderson and Co.

2) The Foreseeability Approach holds that an accountant is liable to a third party whose reliance on the accountant's services was reasonably foreseeable to the accountant. Accordingly, an accountant who prepares an audit report is liable to a third party for negligent misrepresentation if it is reasonably foreseeable that such third party might obtain, and rely on, the audit report. This is an expansive view of accountant liability and even a number of the small group of states that adopted it, have retreated from it. New Jersey, for example, passed a more restrictive statute: NJ Stat. Section 2A: 25A-25 (L. 1995, 2000).

3) The Restatement Approach adopted over half the states that holds an accountant is liable to third party if he supplies information to a third parties that is actually foreseen as a user of the information for a particular purpose. In other words, for liability to attach the plaintiff must be a member of a limited class to whom the accountant intends to supply the information, or to whom the accountant knows the recipient intends to supply it, and who suffers a loss through reliance on the information for substantially the same purposes as the bona fide client. For example, the accountant may be held liable to a third party lender if the accountant is informed by the client that the audit report would be used to obtain a loan, even if the specific lender remains unidentified or the client names one lender and then borrows from another.

Libel and Slander

Every jurisdiction has statutory definitions for libel and slander, the elements of which include a false and unprivileged publication by writing or orally, which has a tendency to injury a person with respect to his office, trade, or business. Included are statements impugning the competency of a dealer to manage the affairs of a dealership.

During the course of negotiations, a buyer sometimes become frustrated with a seller's actions and expresses those frustrations by impugning the seller's ability to operate a dealership. Such statements, while generally harmless, assume a magnified significance, when the purchaser is negotiating to acquire a financially troubled dealership. At best, under such circumstances, lenders are apprehensive; at worst, they are neurotic. Invariably, at some point during the negotiations, a purchaser will meet the seller's lender and at that point in time – more than any other – the prospective purchaser must realize that he has the ability to damage the seller and must be disciplined enough to be discreet when commenting upon the seller's status, or abilities, regardless of how determined a lender's inquires may appear.

Interference with a Contract or Prospective Contract

Whether or not a prospective buyer becomes the ultimate purchaser, the prospect has a duty not to intentionally or negligently interfere with a contract, or, in many states, a prospective business advantage, of the seller. Again, during the course of negotiations, there are occasions when a purchaser is tempted to say or do something in order to frighten a competitive bidder and preserve an exclusive business opportunity. Such actions are proscribed and when called upon to determine the legitimacy of the purchaser's actions the courts will generally consider the following factors:
(a) the conduct
(b) the motive;
(c) the interests of the other with which the actor's conduct interferes;
(d) the interests sought to be advanced by the actor:
(e) the social interest in protecting the freedom of action of the actor and the contractual interests of the other;
(f) the proximity or remoteness of the actor's conduct to the interference, and
(g) the relationship between the parties. See Second Restatement of Torts and Buckaloo v. Johnson.

Summation

The increased dollar value, of dealerships, combined with the higher level of sophistication of today's automobile dealer, versus the automobile dealer of twenty years ago, has led to more dealers being willing to litigate, when they have been damaged. Recently, that litigation has expanded from dealers suing manufacturers, to dealers suing dealers. If one had to predict the area in which litigation will expand, in the next ten years, one would have to include in that prediction the area surrounding buy-sell negotiations.

The courts have held, time and again, that hard bargaining is part of the American system [Sheehan v. Atlantic International Insurance Co., but they have also noted, that the notions of fair play and a sense of propriety are also a part of that system. [Rich Whillock, Inc. v. Ashton Development, Inc.] And, while many scholars agree that the most successful negotiations result in solutions where both parties, to one degree or another, win, the courts recognize that each party not only has a duty to protect their own interests and that of their shareholders [Cosoff v. Rodman (In re WT Grant Co.], but that people who do not affirmatively perform that duty [due diligence], have no cause of action against their opponents, because the opponents did not perform the duty for them. [See: Dennison State Bank v. Madeira, 230 Kan. And Macon County Livestock Market, Inc. v. Kentucky State Bank, Inc.].

In summation, the negotiation table is a business table, at which, both parties are expected to be at their best with respect to preparation, presentation and determination. If one party is lacking in one of the categories, it is not the responsibility of the other party to supplement the deficiency. To the contrary, the participants have a duty to themselves, their families and to their shareholders to obtain the best possible terms, without unjustly fettering the opposing party's ability to respond.

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The Diversity of RC Vehicles For Your Collection

There are perhaps two categories of rc vehicle: toy rc vehicles and hobby rc vehicles. Both are simply scale models of 'real-world' vehicles that are either electrically powered (EP) or nitro gas powered (NP / NGP). Most of the rc toy variety is EP, fueled by a rechargeable battery pack, whereas the rc hobby range can be EP or NP. Both categories are motorized and most are operated remotely using a wireless, hand held controller.

Toy RC Vehicles
These usually come readily assembled and are therefore 'ready to run' (RTR), straight out of the box. They are manufactured in large quantities and available in many retail outlets, both in store and online. However, they do not have the same appeal as hobby vehicles since they lack the obvious functionality and customization that the hobby vehicles possess. Nonetheless, they are still a great introduction for children and budding rc enthusiasts that are just starting out on their exciting rc hobby journey.

Hobby RC Vehicles
Hobby-grade vehicles are those usually bought at hobby retailers. These automobiles can be acquired as RTR, to completely disassembled kits requiring construction time and effort, before they are deployable. They are often upgradeable, customizable, have many more features than toy-grade, and are used in professional RC racing and other competitions. This range may be electric or nitro-powered.

The RC Vehicle Range
There is an rc automobile equivalent of most, if not all, 'real life / real world' vehicles. The following lists provide a summary of their diversity:

Land rc automobile include rc street cars and rc racers, buggies, jeeps and trucks, tanks, motorbikes and even rc robotics such as robo-dogs and robo-aliens.

Aquatic rc automobile include sailing boats, racing boats, cruise liners and other ships, hovercraft (that also run on land) and even submarines.

Aerial rc automobile include helicopters, alien craft / UFOs and even motorized balloons.

Focussing on the land-based rc automobiles now, here is a rundown of maybe the five 'neatest' rc cars on the market today, according to a review courtesy of bit-tech.

Fastest RC Car On The Planet (source: CastleCreations)
Schumacher Mi3.5 Streamliner – the world record is credited to Nic Case, with his rc vehicle exceeding a blistering 160 miles per hour. This surpassed Nic's previous world record, won three years ago with his 'Orange Bullet' rc car. No surprises then, to read that Nic has set himself a challenge to break the 200 miles per hour barrier.

Amphibious RC Tank (source: ThinkGeek)
This rc vehicle is impressive. It is an all-terrain craft that runs on Wheels over the most challenging of landscapes, or with its wheels off the ground when in amphibious mode.

Wall Climbing RC Car (source: AirHogs)
A lightweight and small rc vehicle, which belies its form with function, that is, its amazing ability to behave like Spiderman (the Spidercar?). It is akin to an anti-hovercraft in its modus operandus, in that it grips itself to walls and ceilings with its fan-driven suction power. Even the accompanying high decibel level still does not detract from its coolness factor.

Hydro Car (source: ScienceMuseumShop)
An rc vehicle that is hydrogen-powered, oh yes! Think back to your science classes at school, and you may remember that you can split water into its constituent elements, hydrogen and oxygen. The Hydro Car tops up its energy levels from this essential planetary resource (water) in a 'green' refueling station that is powered by the sun. There is still a downside – unfortunately, you cannot discard your regular batteries because they are still necessary for powering the remote!

Internet Controlled Car (Source: JBProjects)
This rc vehicle is Wi-Fi powered! It is kitted out with a Panasonic web camera that sends its signal to a remote laptop computer sporting a Linksys WRT54GL Router. The operating range is a satisfying 500 meters and more. The rc car can be of your own choosing, but the car featured is a very cheap buggy that was rebuilt specially for the desired functionality. However, the designer of the Internet Controlled Car has provided stepwise guidelines on its construction, allowing you the satisfaction of fashioning one yourself.

To wrap up, you can see that rc vehicles are always evolving and their range expanding. With such a diverse selection to choose from nowadays, you will never run out of rc vehicles to add to your collection.

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When Is It Too Late For Automobile Window Repair?

Car windows and windshields tend to be prone to break such as chips or scratches due to its exposure to various temperature, wind pressure, and pebbles that accidentally gets cast at the automobile. That’s the reason exactly why, automobile owners are particularly cautious with regards to their auto windows and windshields given that having them fixed or swapped out can cost them a couple of hundred dollars. However, accidents cannot be stopped sometimes. It will eventually find its way to you and all you can do is only hope that it does minimum damage.

When this occurs, the most typical question that we hear from the one who owns the car is whether or not they should get a car window repair or to get an autoglass replacement. These two things tend to be different from one another. For one, automobile glass repair is definitely cheaper and it can be achieved faster too. Auto glass repair is conducted by inserting a glass resin that may work as glue that will keep the glass together. Nonetheless it has its limitations and not all damages in car glass can be mended through this strategy.

As soon as your auto’s windows and windshield has minimum impairment, then the auto glass repair may work. When I say minimal damage, I mean just a little scratch or cracks which tend to be under four inches. More than that, then you’d really need it replaced. Now, unless you get into some serious vehicular accident, cracks on the windows tend to be often just a few inches in length. Nevertheless we seldom notice it till it deteriorate. By the time we note the damage, it is usually too late for a repair.

Though the vehicle glass utilized for your windshield and car windows are tough, we all must not forget which they can still break. To hinder them from being replaced too frequently, the secret’s to be alert and regular checks on them. You don’t need a professional to do that, you can do this on your own, in your garage (as long as there’s correct lighting ) or in the outdoors on a bright bright day. These checks will help you in finding cracks which aren’t too serious yet.

If the damage is too dreadful, then there’s no choice but for you to have it replaced. Waiting for it to deteriorate is not a good idea because you won’t ever know when you get into further accident. The car’s windscreen and car windows is for your protection, if you around while they’re damaged, then you are not correctly protected and is more prone to wounds.

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Tips and Strategies for Safety on Motorcycles

Many people have chosen motorcycles instead of automobiles for transportation. Although these vehicles can be fun to ride and economical to maintain, there are important factors to consider when driving them. Explore tips and strategies for staying safe if you choose to ride one.

Injury and Fatality Data

Only about two percent of the total number of registered vehicles in the United States are motorcycles. However, these vehicles represent about five percent of all highway fatalities that occur each year in this country. The disparity between these two percentages illustrates the high number of people killed when they choose this type of transportation. In a motorcycle accident, about 80 percent of the time, the rider is either injured or killed. With an automobile accident, occupants of the car are only injured or killed about 20 percent of the time.

Comparison of Vehicles

The reason for the high number of incidences resulting in both injury and death with motorcycles is mainly due to the lack of protection. With a car, people have the heavy structure of the vehicle around them. The roof and door beams protect in the event of a rollover or impact. Automobile restraints and airbags also offer important protection from injury and death in accidents. Cars are also much heavier and bulkier. The stability of four wheels is a vast improvement over two wheels. It’s also more difficult to see motorcycles on the road due to their smaller size. This difficulty means that sometimes other drivers simply don’t see a motorcycle, which can contribute to serious accidents.

Agility Factor

While these vehicles do have some serious safety issues, there are some positive factors. A person riding a motorcycle has better maneuverability and agility on the road. This driver can often stop faster and swerve to avoid obstacles. While these are important benefits, they do not completely offset the negative safety issues.

Staying Safe

– Before choosing this two-wheeled form of transportation, a rider should take and complete a training course that teaches skills and safety. At the end of the course, the student should pass a test to certify the skills.

– When riding, it is best to remain constantly vigilant for dangers. Defensive driving is an important tactic. Try to anticipate what other drivers may do. Along with staying alert, assume that other drivers will not see you.

– Use extreme caution at intersections. Intersections present serious dangers, and they are the location where most accidents occur for motorcycles.

– Remaining visible is one of the most important goals. Never ride in another vehicle’s blind spot.

– Avoid riding in inclement weather due to obstacles and slippery surfaces. A lack of windshield wipers can reduce your ability to see.

– Ride with a helmet, eye protection, and appropriate clothing. Long pants, a jacket, and gloves can help reduce the severity of injuries.

– Never ride when under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

An awareness of potential issues can help increase overall safety. Follow recommendations for riding to avoid accidents and injuries.

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A History of Excalibur Cars

The History of Excalibur Cars

The Excalibur car is a beautiful example of a retro classic vehicle featuring an inspired design based on the 1920’s Mercedes Benz SS with a little modern engineering and American flair. The result is a little ostentatious and an unlikely weekday runabout however the vehicle has found itself a niche within the outer limits of luxury limousines. The car has gained a cult following world wide as a wedding car in white or the perfect vessel for anyone who wants to make a splash!

Automobile designer, Brook Steven’s was fascinated by the classic era of automotive design. This passion was what fueled his Gatsby-esque creations and eventually lead the design of the what would later become the Excalibur as a concept car for Studebaker in 1963. The concept car was exhibited at several car shows in the US and turned a lot of heads. The fuss about this unique car soon turned into orders from wealthy patrons around the world and so the Excalibur was born. The Excalibur was factory built and underwent several major revisions in its early years which greatly improved performance and reliability especially with regards to the chassis that was required for such a long automobile – eventually acquired from General Motors. Each year the Excalibur factory only made about sixty to eighty vehicles which has added to their rarity and collectibility today. The cars most commonly ordered and produced were the 2-door Roadster however Excalibur also made a 4-door saloon the ‘Phaeton’ which has become a very successful luxury car, used in films such as 101 Dalmatians and as the flagship of the limo fleet for Caesar’s Palace in Las Vegas.

After a run of only 3200 cars the company finally ceased production in 1990, having finally achieved perfection in the Series V Excalibur, the most luxurious yet. The company still runs in a limited capacity supplying parts, manuals and information to the contemporary owners of Excalibur cars.

The good news is that the current owner of the Excalibur Cars factory has not ruled out the possibility of a new line of cars. In fact as recently as 2011 there has been talk of a modernised Excalibur of similar design. These plans are subject to financial backing and for now the company is devoted to creating parts to keep the existing Excalibur’s on the road, even going as far as to plan renovation kits to replace what could be considered the dated and worn interior of some of the older models still in circulation.

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United States Automobile Insurance – ABC's of Automobile Insurance in the US

Buying United States automobile insurance is a bit different than buying it many other countries. The chief difference is that the formula that the insurance company uses in order to determine the rate you will be charged in America is not generally public knowledge. This means that unless you are willing to shop around for a policy you can't be sure that you have gotten the very best deal that you qualify for.

By shopping around we mean requesting multiple quotes. Requesting more than one quote is the only sure way to find the best possible deal that you currently qualify for. This is because, as we mentioned earlier, every auto insurer uses a different methodology to figure their rates. Some insurers will consider a certain driver riskier than others and charge them accordingly.

In some cases the rate you will be asked to pay will have nothing at all to do with your history as a driver. If the insurer you request a quote from is having financial difficulties, for instance, they may be more likely to charge higher premiums for a policy.

In order to request multiple quotes you should begin by finding a multiple quote web site. These are abundant because when it comer to the United States auto insurance is very big business. A multiple quote web site will ask for all of the information the insurers will need to formulate a quote. It will then forward your information to the insurance companies you wish to receive a quote from.

As the quotes come in you will likely be very surprised at the low prices. This is due to the fact that online consumers are typically given the best rate the insurance companies have to offer. At this point all you will need to do is choose the company that is offering the lowest rate and you will be ready to buy your new United States automobile insurance policy.

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History of Hybrid Cars

In 1905, the application for a patent for a hybrid gasoline and electric motor power train brought the hybrid technology motors into existence. At that time the energy saving features were not the main focal point of this dual power model but, nonetheless, the history of hybrid car technology had been born. This application dealt with supplementing a gasoline power engine to the point that it would have an increase in speed to go from zero to twenty-five miles an hour in ten seconds. Unfortunately, by the time the patent was approved three years later, car speeds had already reached this acceleration speed.

There were quite a few people interested in hybrid technology, and some were long before the application for this particular patent was submitted. There were some inventors that realized the effect that hybrid technology could give electric running automobiles an added speed boost if they were combined with the horsepower that was afforded through the use of gasoline engines. The difference in these speeds jumped an amazing 15 miles per hour. The history of hybrid car products on the highway was just emerging to the forefront of American minds during this time.

There were hybrid trucks being built as early as 1918. Consumers chose speed over gas savings in 1914, when a company developed a hybrid that would offer an astounding 70 miles to each gallon of gas, an amount that is available in some models being offered now in the year 2007. It was the top speed of 30 miles an hour that changed consumers mind to pursue models that were a bit quicker.

The health effects that were caused by internal combustion engines were noted by health officials in the late 1960’s. In 1966, the United States Congress recognized the need to reduce air pollution and recommended bills that led to interest in the production of electric vehicles. The first car manufacturer to jump on the band wagon to perform research and develop these electric cars.

Further development interests led to the production of an advanced battery that would allow the electric vehicles the opportunity to be suitable for highway use. Experimentation was done to enhance the number of charges these batteries could take to prolong their time on the roadways. The concentration on developing hybrid automobiles had reached a worldwide effort by the time the oil embargoes were affecting the prices of fuels around the world.

With the effects of pollution becoming worse in large cities, countries such as Germany and Japan took the production levels of the hybrid car center stage, with developments by Volkswagen and Toyota featuring prototype hybrid taxis and engines. The state of California was the first government to require a certain percentage of sales be automobiles that met the new Zero Emission Vehicle policies. This made the advancement of hybrid automobiles more prevalent in our society. Toyota was the first company to offer hybrid automobiles for sale to the public in December 1997. It was marketed solely to Japanese people.

For hybrid car sales in the United States, Honda was the first to offer a two-seated hybrid car in year 2000 and further expanded the offering of hybrid vehicles to the United States only two months later with a compact car model, the Prius. The classic style of the ever popular gas saving model, Civic, was then offered in hybrid car form in 2002 and received great reviews.

Other automakers followed suit, with Ford offering the Escape Hybrid in 2004. This was also the first hybrid that had a sports utility vehicle feature. The production of the hybrid car will continue, as popularity intensifies, and the American public will relish in the tax saving and economical features that the hybrid automobile brings to the benefit of the American people.

In conclusion, hybrid cars will be the next alternative to fuel vehicle. The trend is spreading, not only in American, but worldwide. Asia countries, such as Japan, Korea and Singapore owners of hybrid cars are enjoying tax relief from switching to hybrid motor. It is inevitable that fuel motor cars model will be going down to history and hybrid cars is making a history.

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